Black Mustard Seed

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Black Mustard Seed

Black Mustard Seed: Black mustard seed (Brassica nigra) is native to southern Europe along the Mediterranean Sea and has been cultivated for thousands of years. Both Jesus and the Buddha used black mustard seeds in parables, and Pope John XXII was so fond of mustard that he appointed a 'grand moutardier du pape' or 'mustard maker to the pope'. Specifically, black mustard is believed to be the mustard mentioned by Jesus in the book of Matthew. Black mustard belongs to the same genus as cabbage and is similar to white mustard but has smaller seeds. The seeds are so small that they are not cultivated as much as other mustard varieties which can be mechanically harvested more efficiently.

The spicy component of black mustard seed is called 'isothiocyanate', it is also found in horseradish and wasabi which belong to the same plant family. Eating isothiocyanates has been shown to inhibit the growth of cancerous cells in animal studies. A black mustard plant can grow to 8 ft in height, and has small yellow flowers. The dried seeds have no odor, but release a strong tase if chewed well. The roasted seeds have a nutty flavor, in India they are fried until they pop to flavor the oil. Black mustard seeds contain a large quantity of oil which is also used for cooking in India.

Black mustard seeds are slightly stronger than brown mustard seeds. Black mustard seeds are yellow inside, usually less than .1 inch in diameter. It is considered a weed in some parts of the US where it grows wild in fields and pastures. In the US most black mustard seed is grown commercially in California.

 

    Black Mustard Seed Facts:
  • Black mustard seed is native to the Mediterranean region.
  • Black Mustard seed plants belong to the same family as cabbage.
  • Isothiocyanate is the spicy ingredient in mustard.
  • Isothiocyanate is also found in horseradish and wasabi.
  • Black mustard seed has been cultivated for 1000's of years.
  • Black mustard is considered a weed in parts of the US.
Nutritional data per 100g:

  • Alanine - 1.187 g
  • Arginine - 1.750 g
  • Ash - 4.51 g
  • Aspartic acid - 1.967 g
  • Betaine - 1.9 mg
  • Calcium, Ca - 521 mg
  • Carbohydrate, by difference - 34.94 g
  • Carotene, beta - 37 mcg
  • Choline, total - 122.7 mg
  • Copper, Cu - 0.410 mg
  • Cystine - 0.582 g
  • Energy - 1964 kj
  • Energy - 469 kcal
  • Fatty acids, total monounsaturated - 19.830 g
  • Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated - 5.390 g
  • Fatty acids, total saturated - 1.460 g
  • Fiber, total dietary - 14.7 g
  • Folate, DFE - 76 mcg_DFE
  • Folate, food - 76 mcg
  • Folate, total - 76 mcg
  • Fructose - 0.02 g
  • Galactose - 0.20 g
  • Glucose (dextrose) - 2.88 g
  • Glutamic acid - 4.979 g
  • Glycine - 1.312 g
  • Histidine - 0.762 g
  • Iron, Fe - 9.98 mg
  • Isoleucine - 1.081 g
  • Leucine - 1.783 g
  • Lutein + zeaxanthin - 448 mcg
  • Lysine - 1.519 g
  • Magnesium, Mg - 298 mg
  • Manganese, Mn - 1.767 mg
  • Methionine - 0.480 g
  • Niacin - 7.890 mg
  • Phenylalanine - 1.067 g
  • Phosphorus, P - 841 mg
  • Phytosterols - 118 mg
  • Potassium, K - 682 mg
  • Proline - 1.944 g
  • Protein - 24.94 g
  • Riboflavin - 0.381 mg
  • Selenium, Se - 133.6 mcg
  • Serine - 1.081 g
  • Sodium, Na - 5 mg
  • Sucrose - 3.69 g
  • Sugars, total - 6.79 g
  • Thiamin - 0.543 mg
  • Threonine - 1.095 g
  • Tocopherol, beta - 0.01 mg
  • Tocopherol, delta - 0.71 mg
  • Tocopherol, gamma - 18.76 mg
  • Total lipid (fat) - 28.76 g
  • Tryptophan - 0.526 g
  • Tyrosine - 0.744 g
  • Valine - 1.325 g
  • Vitamin A, IU - 62 IU
  • Vitamin A, RAE - 3 mcg_RAE
  • Vitamin B-6 - 0.430 mg
  • Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid - 3.0 mg
  • Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) - 2.89 mg
  • Vitamin K (phylloquinone) - 5.4 mcg
  • Water - 6.86 g
  • Zinc, Zn - 5.70 mg
  • Black Mustard Field
    Black Mustard Field

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